South Carolina's motor vehicles agency will change its driver's license photo policy as part of a settlement reached with a transgender teenager who was required to remove her makeup for her picture last year, lawyers said on Wednesday.
Chase Culpepper, 17, accused the state Department of Motor Vehicles of sex discrimination and violating her free speech rights in a lawsuit filed in federal court in September.
Under the terms of the settlement, approved on Monday in U.S. District Court in Columbia, the agency will allow license applicants to be photographed the way they regularly appear, even when their makeup, clothing or accessories do not match traditional expectations of gender.
"From day one, all I wanted was to get a driver's license that looks like me," said Culpepper, who was born male. "Now I will be able to do that."
The teen said she was humiliated when workers at the DMV office in Anderson, about 100 miles (160 km) northwest of the state capital Columbia, told her she needed to "look male" for her license photo in March 2014. They let her wear pearl earrings but demanded she remove the mascara and eye shadow she regularly wore before they would take her photo.
At the time of the incident, she used male pronouns to refer to herself but now identifies as transgender and prefers female pronouns, the Transgender Legal Defense & Education Fund (TLDEF) said.
The legal group sued the state agency on Culpepper's behalf after DMV officials later refused to let her retake the photo wearing makeup.
The department had cited a 2009 agency rule that forbad license photographs to be taken when an applicant seemed to be "purposely altering his or her appearance so that the photo would misrepresent his or her identity."
Under the revised rules, Culpepper will be allowed to have her license photograph retaken wearing makeup. She also will receive an apology for how she was treated, her attorneys said in a statement.
"This settlement agreement sends a strong message about equal rights," said Ethan Rice, a TLDEF lawyer. "It is not the role of the DMV or its employees to decide how men and women should look."
DMV spokeswoman Beth Parks declined to comment on the settlement, which did not include any monetary award for the teen.
In New Jersey, since 2009, the Motor Vehicle Commission has allowed transgender drivers to change their licenses to reflect their preferred gender. Previously, the state would not make the change until after sex reassignment surgery. To make the change, a “Declaration of Change of Sex Designation” application must be submitted.
The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation allows transgender men and women to change their
designated gender on their driver’s license if it can be verified by a licensed
medical or social service provider. But there are no rules preventing women or men from wearing makeup.