September 02, 2022
Philadelphia residents should cut their water usage by 3 to 6 gallons each day until a newly-declared drought watch is lifted, Pennsylvania officials say.
The same recommendations applies to people in Bucks, Delaware and Montgomery Counties. They're among 36 counties that have been placed under a drought watch by the Department of Environmental Protection due to dry conditions.
"We're asking Pennsylvanians in all of these counties to use water wisely and follow simple water conservation tips to ease the demand for water," DEP acting Secretary Ramez Ziadeh said.
Here's how people can reduce their water usage, per DEP:
• Only run water when necessary. That includes turning off the faucet when a brushing your teeth.
• Wash clothes or dishes less frequently by doing full loads in the washing machine and dishwasher
• Water the base of garden plants during cooler hours to avoid wasting water through evaporation
• Avoid washing your car
• Avoid watering lawns. When doing so, apply no more than 1 inch of water.
• Check for appliance leaks that allow water to be wasted
• Sweep driveways and sidewalks instead of using water to clean the surfaces
• Replace older appliances with high efficiency models that use less energy and water
• Install low-flow plumbing fixtures and aerators on faucets
• Repurpose rainwater by setting up a rain barrel
DEP determines drought conditions by monitoring four indicators – precipitation, surface water flow from rivers and streams, groundwater level and soil moisture.
The intensity of a drought is defined by a classification scale that ranges from abnormally dry to exceptional drought.
Most of Philadelphia and parts of Bucks, Delaware and Montgomery counties are abnormally dry, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. The rest of Bucks County is in a moderate drought.
When conditions are abnormally dry, crop growth becomes stunted, lawns brown, surface levels drop and the risk of wildfires rises. In moderate drought conditions, trees and landscaping becomes stressed, hay and grain yields drop, the use of irrigation increases, and reservoir and lake levels drop below normal capacity.
Two public water suppliers in Potter and Lycoming counties are requiring their customers conserve water. Another six suppliers, mostly in Central Pennsylvania, are asking customers to voluntarily reduce their water usage.
Last month, New Jersey issued a statewide drought watch and asked residents to conserve water. As of Tuesday, 95% of the state was abnormally dry – or worse, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. In South Jersey, portions of Burlington and Gloucester counties were experiencing moderate drought conditions. At the shore, all of Cape May County was under severe drought conditions.