August 03, 2021
People found to be carrying or distributing fentanyl test strips, which are used to detect the presence of the powerful painkiller and can help reduce the risk of overdoses, will no longer be arrested by Philadelphia police.
Mayor Jim Kenney signed an executive order on Monday decriminalizing possessing and distributing fentanyl test strips for harm-reduction purposes. Drugs like heroin and cocaine are sometimes mixed with fentanyl, leading drug users to accidentally ingest the highly-addictive narcotic. Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid similar to morphine, but 50 to 100 times more potent.
These test strips can detect fentanyl in drugs to help to inform users of their risks and possibly lead to fewer drug overdose deaths, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
These test strips remain illegal in Pennsylvania because they're considered drug paraphernalia.
"We have to use every available method to save lives while combating the opioid crisis," Kenney said. "We gain nothing by penalizing the distribution and use of fentanyl test strips, which are proven to help people assess and reduce their risk of overdose. Fentanyl test strips are a life-saving tool that we encourage people to have, use and share with others."
In Philadelphia, fentanyl contributes to 94% of opioid-related overdose deaths and 81% of drug overdoses overall, according to public health data. Fentanyl-related overdose deaths in the city have skyrocketed over the past few years from just nine deaths in 2012 to 979 in 2020.
Up to 77% of people who used test strips and found that their drugs were positive for fentanyl took precautions to reduce the risk of overdose, research shows.
Last April, the CDC announced that federal funding can be used to purchase test strips to help curb the dramatic increase in drug overdose deaths across the country.
This order follows similar directives to essentially ignore state law from Philadelphia District Attorney Larry Krasner and Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro, who each said they won't prosecute people that possess or distribute fentanyl test strips for harm reduction purposes.
"These test strips save lives and by distributing them, the city is giving those struggling with substance use disorder a tool to avoid overdosing," Shapiro said. "Fentanyl is a poison ravaging our neighborhoods and is largely responsible for the dramatic uptick in overdose deaths we have suffered over the past year."
State Rep. Jim Struzzi (R-Indiana) has been pushing a bill for several years that would change state law to legalize fentanyl test strips, but it hasn't gotten much movement, WHYY reported. He introduced it again this year.
Philadelphia launched a public outreach campaign to promote information about how and why to test drugs for fentanyl. More information can be found on the city's website.
Addiction services are also available through the Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual Disability Services, as well as the Community Behavioral Health’s 24-hour hotline at (888) 545-2600 or the 24-hour crisis line at (215) 685-6440.