September 19, 2019
Eating junk food may contribute to the development of depression among adolescents, according to a study conducted by the American Physiological Society.
Researchers found that teenagers who had high sodium and low potassium levels had a higher likelihood of later developing depression.
High sodium levels may reflect the consumption of processed, unhealthy foods, the researchers noted. Low potassium levels indicate a lack of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish and poultry.
The researchers followed 84 middle school students who both had a higher risk of poor diet and depression for 18 months. The study's participants primarily came from low-income families.
Higher sodium and lower potassium levels were not related to depression symptoms when the students were tested at the beginning of the study. But they were at its conclusion, suggesting the impact of unhealthy foods on mood grows over time.
"These results suggest that reducing the consumption of sodium-rich foods and increasing the consumption of potassium-rich foods may help reduce the prevalence of depression in adolescents," the researchers wrote.
Previous studies have found links between mood and diet among adults. But little research had been conducted on the associations between diet and depression among teenagers.