June 17, 2020
Juneteenth, the emancipation holiday that commemorates the end of slavery in the U.S., will be recognized as an official city holiday.
All Philadelphia city offices and facilities will be closed on Friday, June 19, in observance of Juneteenth, Mayor Jim Kenney announced Tuesday. The School District of Philadelphia also will close its offices, Superintendent William R. Hite Jr. said.
"Now more than ever, it's critically important to acknowledge America's original sin of slavery — something we as a nation have never atoned for," Kenney said. "The only way to dismantle the institutional racism and inequalities that continue to disenfranchise Black Philadelphians is to look critically at how we got here, and make much-needed changes to the governmental systems that allow inequality to persist."
Juneteenth celebrates the day federal soldiers freed more than 250,000 slaves in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865 — 2 1/2 years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
The proclamation, declared an end to slavery in the rebellious states but could not be enforced in places under Confederate control. Slavery was formally abolished after Congress ratified the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution six months later in December. It is observed in 47 states, including Pennsylvania, but it is not considered an official holiday.
Reconciliation Steering Committee members agreed with the city's decision to designate the holiday. Kenney started the group in earlier this month after protests and civil unrest occurred throughout the city. The committee addresses issues long-raised by black communities in Philly to increase racial equality and enact meaningful reforms.
"This designation of Juneteenth represents our administration's commitment to reckon with our own role in maintaining racial inequities as well as our understanding of the magnitude of work that lies ahead," Kenney said.
The observance of Juneteenth was created by executive order and is specific to this year, but Kenney plans to institute Juneteenth as a permanent official city holiday.